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Several non-pharmacological interventions have been found to be effective for addiction treatment. These include cognitive-behavioral therapy, motivational interviewing, relapse prevention, contingency management, and brief interventions. Other forms of behavioral therapies, such as individual and group therapy, can also be effective. Self-help programs, such as twelve-step facilitation, can also play an important role in recovery. In addition to therapy, medication-assisted treatments can be used for opioid and alcohol use disorders. The effectiveness of treatment may depend on factors such as the level of commitment to abstinence, treatment time frame, genetics, and coping mechanisms during stressful situations.